‘the pipe’: A Case Study in the Errors of Modernity
I visited my parents earlier this month, and my father gave me a number of his old pipes. He rarely smokes them any longer, so was pleased to pass them down. One pipe stuck out, and not just because of its mustard yellow color. It was a pipe marketed under the name “the pipe”. Click here for an image. My Dad tells me that these were all the rage in the 1970s (something of a climax in the popularity of pipes in America), but remembered few details about it. I brought it home, smoked it a few times, and did some research on it.
The first and most immediate thing I discovered about “the pipe” is that it is not a very good smoking pipe. The smoke ran hot in it and it seemed rather harsh. Perhaps I should not give up on it so quickly, I recall seeing my Dad smoke it quite often when I was a kid so it must not be that bad. I have read that you have to pack “the pipe” much looser than a regular briar pipe, so perhaps my problem is that I packed it too tightly. Anyway, it made me wonder what the story was with this thing?
As best as I can tell it was an ill-fated effort to bring advanced technological materials and engineering to a practice (pipe-making) that is best done through time-proven artisan practices and materials. Most of “the pipe” models were made out of plastics and various composite materials. Its development began with a guy who was working on composite and carbon materials for nuclear power plants. In particular, he was making some kind of plumbing part made of pyrolytic graphite. He noticed that the cups he was molding were about the size and shape of a pipe bowl. So he tried it out, and with some testing found that the liner apparently added a venturi effect that seemed to reduce tars in the smoke. It had other alleged benefits in that it did not need seasoning (letting a “cake” develop in the bowl), it was easy to clean, and it did not require a cooling period so you could smoke the same pipe every day.
“the pipe” sold between the mid 1960s and the late 1970s and for a while sold quite well. Incredibly, somewhere between 2 and 3 million sold overall. My Dad tells me that in the 1970s it was incredibly popular, particularly among new pipe smokers and as gifts that women would buy men. It was marketed quite aggressively, and variations carried the names “the pipe”, “the smoke”, and “Venturi”.
Ads called it “a space-age gift for that man of yours” that came in various “heroic colors” that “clash with gray beards”. It was perfect for the “Emancipated Male” who did not want to be bogged down by the rituals and traditions of pipe smoking. One ad I found boasted that it was made of the same material found on the nose cones of “space missiles.” Look at this ad, which brags that you could clean “the pipe” by simply sticking it in your dishwasher. One ad made sure the message of the new generation chic of “the pipe” was not missed, noting that “any similarity between this by-product of the Space Age and the conventional pipes is purely a matter of shape.” And so it was, then, the promise of technology in the modern age – out with the old and in with the new, science and tech applied to make life better, etc etc.
Alas, almost all serious pipe smokers, guys who were used to briar pipes, agreed it was a lousy smoke. The fad passed. And so, despite the ongoing insistence by enlightenment types who think that the passage of time equals progress and that everything science produces improves the human condition, there are in fact some things that are not made better with newfangled materials and techniques. Tradition matters because it is embedded with wisdom, and this is as true in philosophy and culture as it is in pipe smoking. You might say that “the pipe” was modernism in a nutshell: reduced, scientistic, commodified, industrialized, technological, and hostile to tradition.
Regular readers of this blog will know, then, how I feel about “the pipe” and the chances of my regularly smoking it. Unfortunately for the makers of “the pipe”, a lot of the allure of pipe smoking is the tradition and the ritual. I don’t want to do away with my tamper, with the ritual of the “false light” before you get the pipe really lit, etc. I don’t want my pipe to be a piece of “standing reserve”, ready to be smoked at any time as if new. I want to enfold my humble practices into the great tradition that precedes them. So I think I will stick with the old briar pipe, tried and true as it is.
4 thoughts on “Review of “the pipe””
Great post, Kleiner. Those ads are really funny, and ought to get us all to see today’s ads differently. But what if “the pipe” had turned out to be a better smoke? Certainly there are cases where technological enframement has led to substantial improvements in the delivered product. (Just visit the dentist.) Are these improvements outweighed by the losses we have suffered by severing connections to great historical traditions (e.g., the millenial-old tradition of pre-novocaine dentistry)?
“The essence of technology is by no means anything technological.” (Heidegger, Question Concerning Technology).
Many people read Heidegger as some kind of a romantic who is against technological advancements per se and eager to return to some past and more “original” condition. On this reading, anything new is always worse than anything old. Better, then, to type on a typewriter than a computer. Or, even better, write with a pen. Or, better, carve into stone walls. etc etc. But this line of regressive reasoning strikes me as silly, so I do not read Heidegger this way. I think that reading ignores the extremely important remark I quote above – the problem is not with this or that particular technology or technological advancement.
My reading: Various ages have different modes of unconcealment. There is nothing per se preferable about the past modes of unconcealment over some chronologically later mode. The problem of technology, Heidegger thinks, is that we come to think that the future is always better than the past, that scientific developments always “get it right” or better in a way that past revealings could not. It is a problem in how we think – how we disclose ourselves and the world – rather than a problem of this or that particular technology. Heidegger, as it turns out, does think there is something preferable about past comportments toward being, if only because they tended to be more “poetic” and hence less reductive. But one can think that penicillin is a fine and useful thing without succumbing to “technological thinking”. I think Heidegger’s argument is all about “comportment.” Heidegger is interested in comportments that listen and recognize the irreducible. What he takes to be a chief mark of the modern comportment is the systematic effort to master through reduction.
What does this have to do with “the pipe”? Well, perhaps it might have been a better smoke. And that is just fine. What really provoked my reflection was the ads, which relied some on the apparently dubious claim that it was a better smoke, but more on being an improvement simply in virtue of it being “space age”, more convenient, more useful in the sense of the “standing reserve”, etc. The makers of “the pipe” got science involved, developed a new technology, and that was that – mater settled and the past destroyed. This has philosophical relevance, since I think philosophy was a more genuine pursuit of wisdom when it was not so concerned with “method” (technique) and other reductive marks of modern approaches to great questions.
“PLUS a brand-new, untraditional graphite lining. ‘It keeps tobacco honest.'” Ha!